The Embera and the Wounan
and the Wounan are part of the ethnic indigenous peoples of Panama
that are often thought to inhabit only the Darien province. Due to
historical circumstances, traditional borders and boundaries have
disappeared and these two distinct cultures have migrated and moved
to different areas within Panama and Colombia.
speak different dialects and are descendants of the Chocoe Indians.
Presently, those who speak such dialects are from the bordering
region between Colombia and Ecuador, right up till the Panama Canal.
Some anthropologist consider that ancestors of Chocoe Indians
emigrated from the Amazon region. Some genetic and linguistic data
suggest that it is more likely they are descendants from peoples
established in the region much before the arrival of the Spanish
colonial era, the Embera and Wounan, have been displaced towards the
west of the isthmus filling spaces in the Darien province that were
once inhabited by another ethnic indigenous group, the Kuna Yala.
why these peoples have moved, the Embera and the Wounan have join
together in many instances in order to simply survive. Their
languages are different as well as their customs, and they realize
that for their culture to survive there must be continuous
adaptations and development.
groups that exist today in Panama are the Ngobe Bugle and Teribe
from the Chiriqui and Bocas del Toro provinces which borders with